You might have heard claims about the bad condition of the drinking water supplied to our homes many times. Many people talk and say things about the quality of water, but have you ever thought of how to make the water safe for drinking at home? The truth is, water, when it reaches our homes, has a lot of impurities like drugs, chlorine, herbicides, cysts and even parasites and therefore consuming such water can harm your health and can lead to illnesses such as bladder cancer. The question is, how can we make our home water safe for drinking. Here is how;
There is only one way to make home drinking water safe for drinking, and that is through water treatment. Drinking water treatment makes water safe and healthy for the body.
1. The drinking water contamination standards by EPA
All freshwater across the world contains contaminants. The EPA has set a standard of 90 contaminants that can be found in drinking water. Some of the pollutants include organic and inorganic chemicals, microbes, and disinfection byproducts. The two guidelines put in place by EPA include MCL and MCLG. These two are the highest in water.
2. Drinking water contaminants
Cysts are found on the surface of the water, and drinking water must undergo treatment to kill this bacteria before getting into your cup of water. The most common types of cysts found in water include giardia and cryptosporidium. These bacteria come into the water by humans and animals.
Organic compounds also cause contamination of drinking water. These come from various sources, some of them being pesticides, petroleum factories, herbicides, and industrial chemicals.
3. Methods of making home water safe for drinking
• Use an efficient water purifier
If you go online to search for water purifiers, you can find hundreds of models. You are only required to do the research and choose the best purifier for yourself. Check the filtration method used by this purifier because it is what makes the device more efficient. For instance, if you choose a system that is based on the reverse osmosis system, you will realize that you won’t get good results. The reverse osmosis based model will allow the passage of small-sized particles into the water, and this means that you won’t have clean and safe drinking water. The system will work best for larger pollutants but fail for smaller size contaminants. The best system is the one based on carbon filtration, ion exchange, and sub-micron methods. All these three techniques will work together, and the water produced will be 99% clean and safe for drinking.
• Disinfection with chlorine
Chlorine can kill bacteria and viruses found in water. Most people associate chlorine with swimming pools, but it has proven to be useful for use at home to make water safe for drinking. The method is commonly used at the municipal levels to ensure that the population gets safe water. However, at home, the term used when using chlorine is bleaching. The recommended concentration of chlorine you should use at home is 4%. At home, use only two drops of chlorine for a single liter of water and eight drops for a single gallon of water. Leave the water to stand for half an hour to allow the chlorine to work. This method works effectively when the water from the tap comes directly from the earth.
• Water purification tablets
Water purification tablets are chlorine made to be tablets. The tablets are dropped into the water container and allowed to sit for 30-45 minutes. During this period, the chemical will start to destroy the bacteria in water. These tablets are best used by people traveling in other countries or those gone for hiking in the wilderness where they can barely get water. For years, these tablets have gained so much popularity, given their lightweight nature.
• Portable water filters
Water filters come in small and compact forms, making them convenient for travel and activities outdoor. Those people who are hiking or camping will often find themselves across bodies of water, such as rivers and lakes. This water, even though it might seem clean, they need to be filtered before drinking it. This is because this water has sediments and potential germs in it. With a portable water filter, you are guaranteed of drinking bacteria, sedimentary rock, and parasite free water. This is also useful at homes because tap water is not safe for drinking. If you cannot find these other options appealing to you, this can be a great option.
• Reverse osmosis for home use
This method is majorly used by commercial industries, and home users can also purchase and install them in the kitchen sink. At home, the reverse osmosis runs a three-stage process that includes a carbon filter, a reverse osmosis membrane, and a remineralizing filter for a good taste. However, it is essential to remember that while the method can be efficient, it requires high maintenance costs and continuous filter replacement to keep it functioning for long.
• Iodine treatment
Iodine is popularly known for its disinfecting capabilities because of its salt component. Iodine kills bacteria and other viruses found in water. The product is available in many forms, such as crystals, liquid, and even tablets. When put in water, iodine is allowed to sit in water for 50 minutes, and at this point, iodine kills all the cysts in the water.
How to make tap water safe for drinking
As people try to remain physically fit by taking healthy meals, water should be an area of interest as well. However, most individuals believe that tap water is not fit for drinking anymore, and if they must drink tap water, they have to treat it fast. A good number of people end up drinking bottled water because they believe it is safer.
Tap water contains chlorine that helps in killing bacteria hence making it safe. However, chlorine is believed to cause harm to human beings when consumed. If you take tap water, you will notice a good taste once chlorine is eliminated from the water. The question of how to make this tap water safe for drinking is an important one. The article by Robert King recommends that to make this water safe, you need to remove any contaminants that make the water unsafe for drinking. There a lot of people and companies which are responsible for making water filters and purifiers. These materials make it possible to remove contaminants from water.
Another way to purify water is through purchasing a multi-stage carbon filtration systems. This alternative produces the healthiest water to use at home. The process uses carbon filtration, the exchange of ions, and sub-micron filtration when water comes right from the tap. The system filters cysts, lead, and chlorine from water. Apart from removing the contaminants from water, the system makes sure that a significant trace of minerals remains in the water for your health.
In conclusion, home drinking water can be made safe through one method and that is water treatment. Products such as chlorine, iodine, and methods like filtration are used to make sure that the water is free from bacteria and viruses.