World lives on mutual cooperation | Part-1

John Stuart Mill, the world-renowned innovator of utilitarianism theory, wrote, explaining his theory, ‘Everyone in the world is seeking happiness or joy.’ Happiness is the goal of life and it is natural that human beings should seek it for life. Many times such situations occur when we like one happiness more than the other, then it becomes favoured for us even if we have to face turbulence in achieving it. Man wants happiness since things are the medium of that happiness, that’s why we try to achieve happiness only while collecting things, this proves that joy is the main behaviour in human life. If there is an increase in happiness, then eating meat is not bad. If social limits can be broken for greater fulfilment of lust, then it is not a sin to do so. Money is helpful in giving more and more happiness, so if there is no direct pressure on anyone to earn more and more money, it can be done, that is, all the corrupt rules of business, such as lying, underestimating, adulteration, etc. are sins. No, if our quantity of happiness increases from that. The exploitation of weak small powers by big powerful forces is the only supported practice of this theory. John Stuart and all his followers give a direct autonomous example to nature and say, the big fish increases its power by eating the small. The big tree also grabs the dose of the small tree etc. Seeing all these things, the principle of utilitarianism is also supported by humans.

As far as the desire for happiness is concerned, no thoughtful person will refute the theory of John Stuart. Utilitarian principles for joy increase us constantly towards materiality and forget our spiritual needs in the same way as seeing an ostrich hunter of the desert and hiding his face in the sand and experiencing his safety. The growing unrest and insecurity in today’s world is the result of this principle.

The principle of exploitation of small powers by big powers in nature is an exception. Most of the world lives on the principle of cooperation and collectivity. Imagine that moment, when the people of the whole world become corrupted and get down on mutual exploitation, the destruction of the world will happen in a moment. If we look closely at nature, we will find how compassionate her inner life is. How are small animals, trees, vegetation also living together in mutual cooperation and friendship? Human civilization is alive only because even after so much material development, we cannot break the relationship of man, love, kindness, compassion, generosity, cooperation and collectivity towards man.

Ask the farmers of the villages why they mix and sow many crops in one field. So only the facts contradicting the theory of utilitarianism will come out. Jowar and pigeon pea are sown simultaneously. Pulses like moong, urad and cowpea etc. are also sown with jowar. The sorghum plant is large, if utilitarianism was a natural or divine law, it would not allow these pulses to flourish. It happens that pulses help the saplings to grow and become strong. On the other hand, sorghum requires nitrogen, so that work is accomplished. She draws nitrogen from the air chamber and keeps some for herself, gives it to the rest of the tide, which keeps her growing and acquires the power to produce good grains.

Written by David Lee

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World lives on mutual cooperation | Part-2